The island of Kos is the third in size in the Dodecanese Islands, in the southeastern region of the Aegean Sea. It is the birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of medicine, who was born in the island around 460 B.C. and founded the Great School of Medicine of Kos.
The island is famous for its rich vegetation and temperate climate and it was characterized by the Roman doctor Gallino as "the most temperate place in the world". The endless coasts with the turquoise waters, the plethora of water springs, the ancient and medieval monuments, as well as the impressive Italian buildings portray Kos island.
The main port and population center in the island is also its tourist and cultural center, with whitewashed buildings including many hotels, restaurants and a small number of nightclubs forming the famous Kos town "barstreet". The town has a 14th century fortress at the entrance to its harbor, erected in 1315 by The Knights of Saint John of Rhodes.
Marina Kos is located on the outskirts of Kos town; about 15 min walk from the town center, next to Kos old harbour. Marina Kos is easily accessible, only 26Km away, through Hippocrates International Airport (IATA: KGS) by charter flights from the major European cities.
Lake Psalidi is near Kos town and is a great destination for bird-watching, providing birds such as rare ducks and flamingoes. Some of the species, which could be found there, especially in the autumn, include Reddy Shelduck, Slender-billed Curlew, Long-legged Buzzard and Lesser Kestrel.
The Folklore Museum is 40 km away from the town of Kos, in Kefalos village. It displays a big collection of agricultural tools and objects used throughout the centuries as well asa lot of traditional artifacts such as embroideries, intricate and stunning woven tapestries and silks.
The Archaeological museum of Kos is located at Eleftherias square, in a neoclassical building, designed in 1935. Excavations brought to light findings by the beginning of the century, mainly from the archaeological site of the Market and also from monuments, such as, the Altar of Dionisos, the Odeon and the Roman Residence.