Salamina is the largest of the Argo-Saronic islands. Most people know Salamina for the famous sea battle of Salamis in 480BC, where a small Greek fleet defeated a much larger Persian fleet. The island is also the birthplace of Euripedes. According to the myth, the name Salamina (Salamis) was given to the island by Kychreas in honor of his mother Salamis, one of the five daughters of the river god Asopos.
The Municipality of Salamina Folk Art and History Museum hosts exhibits of the island’s history, including a collection of local costumes, furniture, agricultural tools, weapons and ceramic items. The Maritime museum, an outdoor museum in the area of Paloúkia exhibits cannons and torpedoes. The ancient port located in Ambelákia dates back to the 4th century BC and contributed significantly to the economic development of the ancient city of Salamis.
Ambelakia is the oldest village on the island, 4 km south of Salamina, and it certainly worthy of a visit! For swimming, visit the southern side of the island, where the beaches are cleaner. The most popular beaches are Selínia, Kanákia, Faneroméni, Saterlí and Kakí Vígla.