Kalloni Bay is the best option for alternative tourism. It is well-known as a bird watching destination. The entire area is comprised by the bay and the wetland, creating an ecosystem that is mainly important for the huge variety of bird species that are observed here.Undoubtedly, the major spot for bird watching is Alyki in Agia Paraskevi, where the Municipality has erected an observation post. The importance of the place is proved by the numerous birds which are found here. Bird-watchers come to Lesvos, mostly in the spring (from beginning of April to late May), to observe the summer migration of birds from Africa to many countries of Europe, where they get to reproduce in the spring and summer. Kalloni bay is a part of the Natura 2000 network. The nearby river is buzzing varied species of flora, fauna and many other species.
On the southern coast of Lesvos, Plomari, the ouzo capital of Greece, is built amphitheatrically near the sea and is the second largest town in the island after Mytilini. This is where the famous Barbayiannis Ouzo comes from as well as several other smaller labels like the excellent Ouzo Giannatsi, both distilled in the traditional method.